How Did India Tackle Its COVID-19 Phase?
2020 was a difficult year for everyone around the world. We started the year with Australian Bushfires, potential threats of World War III, and then the COVID-19 Pandemic happened. However, 2021 has brought some hope with the start of vaccine rolling out and the most prominent vaccine drive in India. India is giving millions of AstraZeneca shots to Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Nepal, and Mauritius in an effort to tackle the coronavirus and help developing countries that were thought to be the last to receive the vaccine. Additionally, India reported a significant decrease in the graph of Covid Cases after October, which was unexpected considering the approaching Indian Festive season. This decrease has been a surprise to many, but it has also taken away our sleep.
What was the reason?
How did India control its spread when it was just a few numbers away from taking over the USA? An interview live from the grounds of Mumbai gave some potential causes. Fining people who are not wearing a mask and an awareness drive with a caller tune by Bollywood personality Amitabh Bachchan explaining the need for handwashing, wearing a mask, and following social distancing may have helped. Additionally, heat and humidity reduce the spread of the virus and winters in India are not that severe. Lastly, the immune system of Indians may have prepared them to fight against viruses.
How are Indian Immune System and Unhygienic Living affecting the COVID-19?
Many Indians have restricted access to clean water, eat unhygienic food, inhale foul air, and live in densely populated areas. This makes them vulnerable to a large group of non-transmittable illnesses like heart and chronic respiratory illnesses, cancer, and diabetes. Air pollution alone kills more than 1,000,000 Indians annually. The World Health Organization says safe water, washing, and clean conditions are essential for protection against Covid-19. A joint report by the WHO and UNICEF found that almost three billion people – some 40% of the global population – lack “basic handwashing facilities”. Despite these factors, India is only contributing 10% of the death rate among Covid patients, with only 2% attributed to the virus according to CSIR. This is much lower than what was expected and has been a surprise to many.